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Ron Folman March 5 Abstract

Ron Folman March 5 Abstract

A “Magic Frequency” for Atomic Spectroscopy

We analyze theoretically and experimentally the existence of a "magic frequency" for which the absorption of a linearly polarized light beam by a vapor of alkali-metal atoms is independent of the population distribution among the Zeeman sublevels and the angle between the beam and a magnetic field. The phenomenon originates from a peculiar cancellation of the contributions of higher moments of the atomic density matrix, and is described using the Wigner-Eckart theorem and inherent properties of Clebsch-Gordan coefficients. One important application is the robust measurement of the hyperfine population.


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